Section-14. Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body or bodily feeling. — Facts showing the existence of any state of mind, such as intention, knowledge, good faith, negligence, rashness, ill-will or good-will towards any particular person, or showing the existence of any state of body or bodily feeling, are relevant, when the existence of any such state of mind or body or bodily feeling, is in issue or relevant.

Explanation 1. — A fact relevant as showing the existence of a relevant state of mind must show that the state of mind exists, not generally, but in reference to the particular matter in question.

Explanation 2. — But where, upon the trial of a person accused of an offence, the previous commission by the accused of an offence is relevant within the meaning of this section, the previous conviction of such person shall also be a relevant fact.

धारा 14 – मन या शरीर की दशा शारीरीक संवेदना का अस्तित्व दर्शित करने वाले तथ्य – मन की कोई भी दशा जैसे आशय, ज्ञान, सद्भाव, उपेक्षा, उतावलापन, किसी विशिष्ट व्यक्ति के प्रति वैमनस्य या सदिच्छा दर्शित करने वाले अथवा शरीर की या शारीरिक संवेदना की किसी दशा का अस्तित्व दर्शित करने वाले तथ्य तब सुसंगत हैं, जबकि ऐसा मन की या शरीर की या शारीरिक संवेदन की किसी ऐसी दशा का अस्तित्व विवाद्य या सुसंगत है।

स्पष्टीकरण 1 – जो तथ्य इस नाते सुसंगत है िकवह मन की सुसंगत दशा के अस्तित्व को दर्शित करता है, उससे यह दर्शित होना ही चाहिए कि मन की वह दशा साधारणतः नहीं, अपितु प्रश्नगत विशिष्ट विषय के बारे में, अस्तित्व में है।

स्पष्टीकरण 2 – किन्तु जब किसी अपराध के अभियुक्त व्यक्ति के विचार में इस धारा के अर्थ के अन्तर्गत उस अभियुक्त द्वारा किसी अपराध का कभी पहले किया जाता सुसंगत हो, तब व्यक्ति की पूर्व-दोषसिद्धि भी सुसंगत तथ्य होगी।

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